Fault diagnosis for rolling elements in rotating machinery persistently receives high research interest due to the said machinery’s prevalence in a broad range of applications. State-of-the-art methods in such setups focus on effective identification of faults that usually involve a single component while rejecting noise from limited sources. This paper studies the data-based diagnosis of mixed faults coming from multiple components with an emphasis on model robustness against a wide spectrum of external perturbation. A dataset is collected on a rotor and bearing system by varying the levels and types of faults in both the rotor and bearing, which results in 48 machine health conditions. A duplet classifier is developed by combining two 1-D convolutional neural networks (CNNs) that are responsible for the diagnosis of rotor and bearing faults, respectively. Experimental results show that the proposed classifier can reliably identify the onset and nature of mixed faults. In addition, one-vs-all classifiers are built using the features generated by the developed 1-D CNNs as predictors to recognize previously unlearned fault types. The effectiveness of such classifiers is demonstrated using data collected from four new fault types. Finally, the robustness and ability to reject external perturbation of the duplet classification model are analyzed using kernel density estimation (KDE).
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